The correct answer for What is full form of BMT?
BMT stands for are treatments for cancer. Sometimes also called stem cell rescue, or bone marrow rescue, or intensive treatment. Stem cells are collected from the bloodstream, or less often from the bone marrow.
BMT is a procedure in which doctors replace bone marrow (that is diseased or damaged) with healthy bone marrow. The bone marrow to be replaced may be destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. When marrow from an unrelated donor is used, the procedure is called an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. If the marrow is from an identical twin, it is called syngeneic and is called Autologous bone marrow transplantation if uses the patient’s own marrow.
In a bone marrow transplant, a person’s body is infused with healthy blood stem cells to replace damaged or diseased bone marrow.
The best answer forWhat is full form of BMT?
BMT full form is Bone Marrow Transplant which refers to a medical procedure in which diseased or damaged bone marrow is replaced with healthy bone marrow. It is mainly performed to treat blood cancers like leukemia, Thalassemia, lymphomas and in the treatment of various other types of cancers.
It is a procedure in which doctors replace bone marrow that is diseased (or damaged) with healthy bone marrow. The bone marrow to be replaced may be deliberately destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
Types of Bone Marrow Transplant
Autologous transplant: In this transplant, the person’s own stem cells are used in the transplant. So, before starting this procedure, a person’s stem cells are harvested and stored. Then chemotherapy and radiation therapy is used to kill the cancer cells. After the high doses of chemo or radiation, the harvested stem cells are transferred back to the body of the person.
Allogeneic transplant: In this transplant, stem cells of a donor are transferred to the recipient. There should be a close genetic match between donor and recipient. This type of transplant is needed when a person’s bone marrow cells (stem cells) are damaged due to a medical condition. The success of an allogeneic transplant depends on how closely the donor cells match with the recipient cells. A brother or sister is most likely to be a good match in allogeneic bone marrow transplants.
Syngenic transplant: In this transplant, the recipient receives stem cells from his or her identical twin. The donor cells are not rejected by the recipient’s body and the recipient’s cells are also not attacked by the donor cells.